What is an EWS Certificate: Eligibility, Benefits, How to Apply, and more


What is an EWS Certificate?

An EWS (Economically Weaker Sections) certificate is a document issued by the government to individuals who belong to the economically weaker sections of society. This certificate serves as proof of their financial status, allowing them to access various benefits and reservations provided by the government.

Objectives of the EWS Certificate

The primary objectives of the EWS certificate are:

  1. Provide Economic Assistance: The certificate aims to support individuals and families with limited financial resources by granting them access to economic benefits and welfare schemes.
  2. Educational Benefits: Holders of the EWS certificate are eligible for a 10% reservation in educational institutions, including universities and colleges governed by the University Grants Commission (UGC). This helps ensure that economically disadvantaged students have better access to higher education.
  3. Employment Opportunities: The certificate also provides a 10% reservation in government jobs, helping economically weaker individuals compete more effectively in the job market.
  4. Housing and Subsidies: EWS certificate holders can benefit from various housing schemes and subsidies designed to make housing more affordable for those with lower incomes. This includes state and central government housing projects.
  5. Social Inclusion: By providing these benefits, the EWS certificate aims to promote social inclusion and reduce economic disparities within society. It helps ensure that individuals from economically weaker sections can participate more fully in social, educational, and economic activities.
  6. Healthcare and Other Benefits: In some regions, EWS certificate holders may also receive preferential access to healthcare services and other welfare programs aimed at improving their quality of life.

Also read: Encumbrance certificate

Documents Needed to Apply for an EWS Certificate

To apply for an Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) certificate, you will need the following documents:

  • Proof of identification
  • Caste certificate
  • Domicile certificate or proof of residence
  • Income certificate
  • Bank statement
  • Property or land ownership documents
  • Passport-sized photograph
  • Self-declaration or affidavit

Eligibility Criteria for EWS Certificate

To qualify for an EWS certificate, you must meet these requirements:

  • Be part of the General category
  • Do not own more than five acres of agricultural land
  • Have an annual family income of Rs. 8 lakh or less
  • Do not own a residential house/flat with a carpet area exceeding 100 sq. ft (exceptions apply for notified municipal areas) or property on lease
  • Own a residential plot in notified municipal sectors not exceeding 100 sq. yards or an urban plot below 240 sq. yards in non-notified municipalities

Authorities Responsible for Issuing EWS Certificates

This certificate is typically issued by various local government authorities, depending on the region. The designated officials authorized to issue the certificate include:

  1. Tehsildar: This is a common issuing authority in many states.
  2. Sub-Divisional Officer (SDO): In some regions, the SDO is responsible for issuing these certificates.
  3. Revenue Officer: Certain states assign the responsibility to revenue officers.
  4. District Magistrate (DM) or Deputy Commissioner (DC): In some areas, the DM or DC may issue the certificate.
  5. Additional District Magistrate (ADM): This is another potential issuing authority in some regions.
  6. Collector: In some states, the collector of the district may issue the certificate.

EWS Certificate Details and Validity

The EWS Certificate stands for Economically Weaker Sections. It typically remains valid for one year, although in some states it may be valid for only six months. Timely renewal is essential to continue receiving its benefits. In many regions, online renewal is available for convenience; otherwise, you will need to visit the issuing authority for offline renewal.

Benefits of an EWS Certificate

Holding an EWS certificate provides several benefits:

  • Access to state and central government housing schemes and subsidies
  • Financial assistance for economically weak individuals in the General category
  • Educational benefits and access to government schemes
  • A 10% reservation in major universities under the UGC

EWS Housing

EWS housing aims to provide affordable accommodation to economically weaker sections with an annual income of less than INR 3 lakh. This certificate is crucial for availing these housing benefits as it confirms a family’s economic status and eligibility.

Reservation Percentages for EWS Certificate Holders

Reservation percentages for EWS certificates can vary across different categories and states in India. Although the eligibility criteria are consistent nationwide, implementation may differ regionally. Here are the general reservation percentages:

  • OBC: 27%
  • ST: 7.5%
  • General-EWS: 10%
  • SC: 15%
  • Unreserved: 40.6%

These percentages apply to reservations in educational institutions and government job opportunities for each respective category.

How to Apply for an EWS Certificate

Applying for an Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) certificate can be done either online or offline, depending on your state’s procedures.

Online Method

  1. Visit the Official Website: Access the official website of the authority that issues EWS certificates in your state.
  2. Select the Appropriate Department: Choose the department responsible for issuing the EWS certificate.
  3. Complete the Online Form: Enter your personal details and income information as required in the form.
  4. Upload Required Documents: Scan and upload necessary documents such as proof of income and identification.
  5. Make Payment: Pay the application fee through the available online payment gateways.
  6. Submit the Application: Ensure all details are correctly filled in before submitting the application.
  7. Receive Confirmation: Upon successful submission and payment, you will receive an automatically generated receipt.

Offline Method

  1. Visit the Issuing Authority: Go to the local revenue department or the office of the designated authority in your area.
  2. Obtain the Application Form: Download the form from their official website or collect it directly from the office.
  3. Fill Out the Form: Complete the application form with the required information.
  4. Submit Documents: Attach photocopies of the necessary documents, such as proof of income and identification.
  5. Pay the Fee: Pay the application fee as specified by the authority to receive the application receipt.
  6. Submit the Application: Hand in the completed form and documents to the office.

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. What is an EWS Certificate?

An EWS (Economically Weaker Sections) certificate is an official document that verifies an individual’s financial status, enabling them to access various government benefits, reservations in education, and employment opportunities.

2. Who is eligible for an EWS Certificate?

Eligibility criteria include belonging to the General category, not owning more than five acres of agricultural land, having an annual family income of Rs. 8 lakh or less, and not owning residential property exceeding specified limits

3. What documents are required to apply for an EWS Certificate?

Required documents include proof of identification, caste certificate, domicile or residential proof, income certificate, bank statement, property or land ownership proof, passport-sized photograph, and a self-declaration or affidavit.

4. How can I apply for an EWS offline?

Visit the local revenue department or issuing authority’s office, obtain and fill out the application form, attach required documents, pay the application fee, and submit the form to receive an application receipt.

5. What is the validity period of this Certificate?

The EWS certificate is typically valid for one year, although in some states it may be valid for six months. Timely renewal is essential to continue receiving benefits

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